Think back to your last income tax return. Did you owe Uncle Sam a lot of money, or did he give you a big refund? Whatever your situation, you can influence next year's outcome by adjusting your payroll withholding.
Remember the IRS Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate, your employer asked you to complete on your first day? "The number of personal allowances you designate on Form W-4 determines the amount of federal income tax withheld from each paycheck," explains TaxAct spokesperson Jessi Dolmage. "The total amount withheld for the year is credited against your income tax liability."
You can modify your withholding at any time of year by submitting a new Form W-4 to your employer. In order to minimize taxes owed at the time of filing, set your allowances to zero on your W-4. To increase take-home pay but potentially owe more money at tax time, increase your allowances.
Each of the following should be counted as one allowance:
If you have income from multiple jobs or your spouse works, withholding is usually the most accurate when counting all allowances on the W-4 for the highest paying job. Then claim zero allowances on W-4s for all other jobs.
Fortunately, there are free and easy solutions to help you calculate the appropriate withholding. The IRS offers Publication 505 and a withholding calculator at www.irs.gov.
TaxAct also offers a free withholding calculator. "After registering for TaxAct, click on the 'Next Year' tab to answer simple questions about your allowances," says Dolmage. "TaxAct will also complete a new Form W-4 that you can print and give to your employer."
Self-employed individuals should calculate net income and estimated taxes owed each quarter. Submit your quarterly estimated taxes along with Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals.
To adjust withholding for unemployment or social security payments, give Form W-4V to the payer. Submit Form W-4P to payers of pension, annuity and other deferred compensation.
In addition to reviewing your withholding when you get a new job, it's important to review your withholding whenever experiencing a major life change, such as:
If you live in an income-taxing state and want to adjust your state withholding, you'll need to complete the appropriate withholding form for your state.
June 10 — Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 15 days of May.
June 12 — Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during May, report them to your employer Details
June 14 — Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the last 16 days of May.
June 15 — Individuals
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien living and working (or on military duty) outside the United States and Puerto Rico, file Form 1040 and pay any tax, interest, and penalties due. If you want additional time to file your return, file Form 4868 to obtain 4 additional months to file Details
June 15 — Individuals
Make a payment of your 2017 estimated tax if you are not paying your income tax for the year through withholding (or will not pay in enough tax that way). Use Form 1040-ES. This is the second installment Details
June 15 — Corporations
Deposit the second installment of estimated income tax for 2017 Details
June 15 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in May
June 15 — Nonpayroll withholding
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in May.
June 27 — Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 16 days of May.
June 29 — Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of June.
June 30 — Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during May.
June 30 — Floor stocks tax for ozone depleting chemicals
(IRS No. 20). Deposit the tax for January 1, 2017.