The First-Time Homebuyer Credits in 2008, 2009, and 2010 made it possible for many people to buy a starter home. In certain instances, long-term homeowners were also able to claim this credit.
Some taxpayers may need to pay back all or a portion of this credit to the IRS. The amount you must pay back, if any, depends on when you took the credit, how long you lived in the home, and other factors.
The two credits worked differently from the start. The 2008 credit was really an interest-free loan. With this credit, you have to repay the money over a period of 15 years, beginning with your 2010 return. The minimum repayment amount each year is 1/15 of the credit you initially claimed.
The credit for 2009 and 2010 was not intended to be repaid. If you claimed a First-Time Homebuyer Credit in these years and that house remains your main home for 36 months, you do not have to repay the credit.
With either credit, however, you may have to repay the credit or any remaining balance on the credit if you stop living in the home before a certain time period ends, unless you meet a repayment exception.
If you took the First-Time Homebuyer Credit for 2008, but you stop using your home as a main home before you pay back the entire credit, you generally must repay the rest of the credit as an additional tax, unless you meet an exception.
If you claimed a First-Time Homebuyer Credit for 2009 or 2010, and you use the home as your main home for 36 months following the purchase, you do not have to repay the credit.
If you stop living in the home before the end of 36 months, you may have to repay the full amount of the credit, unless you meet an exception.
You may not have to pay back the credit you took in 2008, 2009, or 2010, if one or more of these conditions apply:
Your credit repayment is generally limited to your gain on the property, as long as you sell the property to an unrelated person.
When you calculate the gain on the property, you must adjust the basis of the property for the credit that you took and have not yet repaid. Your basis is generally the amount you paid for the house, plus improvements.
You reduce your basis by the amount of the credit before you calculate your gain. For example, assume the credit you claimed was $8,000 and the basis in the home was $178,000. For purposes of calculating the gain for credit repayment, your basis in the home is $170,000 ($178,000 - 8,000).
If you filed a joint return for the year you claimed the First-Time Homebuyer Credit, you are responsible for 50% of the repayment. If you filed as Married Filing Separately when you initially claimed the credit, you are responsible for the portion of the credit you claimed.
TaxAct reports these exceptions, and generally any needed repayment, on Form 5405, Repayment of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit.
January 1 — Everyone
Federal Holiday (New Year's Day) Details
January 10 — Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during December, report them to your employer Details
January 15 — Individuals
Make a payment of your estimated tax for 2018 if you did not pay your income tax for the year through withholding (or did not pay in enough tax that way). Use Form 1040-ES Details
January 15 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in December 2018
January 15 — Farmers & fishermen
Pay your estimated tax for 2018 using Form 1040-ES Details
January 21 — Everyone
Federal Holiday (Martin Luther King, Jr. Day) Details
January 31 — All Employers
Give your employees their copies of Form W2 for 2018. If an employee agreed to receive Form W2 electronically, have it posted on a website and notify the employee of the posting.
January 31 — Individuals who must make estimated tax payments
If you did not pay your last installment of estimated tax by January 15, you may choose (but are not required) to file your income tax return (Form 1040) for 2017 by January 31. Filing your return and paying any tax due by January 31 prevents any penalty for late payment of the last installment. If you cannot file and pay your tax by January 31, file and pay your tax by April 15.
January 31 — Payers of gambling winnings
If you either paid reportable gambling winnings or withheld income tax from gambling winnings, give the winners their copies of Form W2G.
January 31 — Social Security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
File Form 941 for the fourth quarter of 2018. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules. If your tax liability is less than $2,500, you can pay it in full with a timely filed return. If you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full, you have until 02-10 to file the return.
January 31 — Certain small employers
File Form 944 to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax for 2018. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules. If your tax liability is $2,500 or more for 2018 but less than $2,500 for the fourth quarter, deposit any undeposited tax or pay it in full with a timely filed return. If you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full, you have until February 10 to file the return.
January 31 — Farm employers
File Form 943 to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax for 2018. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules. If your tax liability is less than $2,500, you can pay it in full with a timely filed return. If you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full, you have until February 10 to file the return.
January 31 — Federal unemployment tax
File Form 940 for 2018. If your undeposited tax is $500 or less, you can either pay it with your return or deposit it. If it is more than $500, you must deposit it. However, if you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full, you have until February 10 to file the return.
January 31 — All businesses
Give annual information statements to recipients of certain payments you made during 2018 Details