If you are completing Federal Schedule C Profit or Loss From Business, you will enter the income and expenses which will then calculate the net profit (or loss) of the business. That net profit (or loss) amount then flows to Line 3 of IRS Schedule 1 (Form 1040). If there is a net profit, self-employment tax (Social Security tax and Medicare tax) will be calculated on Schedule SE and will appear on Schedule 2 (Form 1040) Line 4, and a deduction from this schedule will also be shown on Schedule 1 (Form 1040) Line 14, per the IRS instructions.
To enter or review information for your business on Schedule C Profit or Loss from Business:
Note. Depending on the amount of net income, there could also be federal taxes calculated which may necessitate quarterly tax payments be made to avoid an underpayment penalty at the end of the year. This could also apply to the state return. If you estimate there will be little (or no) net income in this first year, then estimated payments may not be necessary (especially if there is also Form W-2 tax withholding on the return which can offset any tax amount due from a business).
Following are the steps to calculate estimated taxes for next year (if necessary):
Note. The method of paying 100% (or 110%) of the current year's tax liability is only to avoid the interest penalty for underpaying your taxes in the following year. In the TaxAct program, this amount is calculated on IRS Form 2210, Line 4 Current year tax.
Use the worksheet method to estimate tax for the following year if you wish to cover all of the estimated tax that will be due on that return.
IRS Publication 334 Tax Guide for Small Business (For Individuals Who Use Schedule C)
IRS Publication 509 Tax Calendars
IRS Publication 583 Starting a Business and Keeping Records
IRS Publication 535 Business Expenses