Until you actually sell stocks acquired under an Incentive Stock Option (ISO), there is nothing to report as a capital gain or loss. Below is useful information for both possible situations:
Per IRS Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income, starting on page 11 (below is only a portion of the instructions - review the full instructions, including examples, by clicking the link to access the IRS publication):
Statutory Stock Options
There are two kinds of statutory stock options.
For either kind of option, you must be an employee of the company granting the option, or a related company, at all times during the period beginning on the date the option is granted and ending 3 months before the date you exercise the option (for an ISO, 1 year before if you're disabled). Also, the option must be nontransferable except at death.
If you don't meet the employment requirements, or you receive a transferable option, your option is a nonstatutory stock option.
Grant of option. If you receive a statutory stock option, don't include any amount in your income when the option is granted.
Exercise of option. If you exercise a statutory stock option, don't include any amount in income when you exercise the option.
Alternative minimum tax (AMT). For the AMT, you must treat stock acquired through the exercise of an ISO as if no special treatment applied. This means that, when your rights in the stock are transferable or no longer subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture, you must include as an adjustment in figuring alternative minimum taxable income the amount by which the FMV of the stock exceeds the option price. Enter this adjustment on line 2i of Form 6251. Increase your AMT basis in any stock you acquire by exercising the ISO by the amount of the adjustment. However, no adjustment is required if you dispose of the stock in the same year you exercise the option..
RECORDS: Your AMT basis in stock acquired through an ISO is likely to differ from your regular tax basis. Therefore, keep adequate records for both the AMT and regular tax so that you can figure your adjusted gain or loss..
TIP: IIf you exercise an ISO during 2019, you should receive Form 3921, or a statement, from the corporation for each transfer made during 2019. The corporation must send or provide you with the form by January 31, 2020. Keep this information for your records.
To enter the AMT adjustment (if necessary) mentioned above for Form 6251, in the TaxAct® program:
IRS Form 3921 Exercise of an Incentive Stock Option Under Section 422(b), is for informational purposes only and should be kept with your records. It does not need to be entered into your return unless you still hold the stock at year end (if you do, see the information above regarding Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT)). You will need this information when you sell the stock. At the time that you sell the stock you should receive a Federal Form 1099-B which would need to be reported on your tax return. The information on Form 3921 will help in determining your cost or other basis as well as your holding period.
Instructions for Employee
You have received the Form 3291 because your employer (or transfer agent) transferred your employer's stock to you pursuant to your exercise of an incentive stock option (ISO). You must recognize (report) gain or loss on your tax return for the year in which you sell or otherwise dispose of the stock. Keep this form and use it to figure the gain or loss. For more information, see IRS Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income.
When you exercise an ISO, you may have to include in alternative minimum taxable income a portion of the fair market value of the stock acquired through the exercise of the option.
Reporting sales of Incentive Stock Options (ISO) in the year of sale
The Form 1099-B received from the sale of Incentive Stock Options (and any applicable information reported on Form W-2 in the year of sale) would be entered in the Investment Income section of TaxAct as follows: