If a taxpayer or taxpayer's spouse is claimed as a dependent on someone else's return, the standard deduction on the taxpayer's return is generally reduced and calculated according to the Standard Deduction Worksheet for Dependents on page 30 of the instructions for IRS Form 1040 U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.
However, if the individual is 65 or older or blind, the standard deduction may be higher.
Earned income is salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and other compensation received for personal services you performed. For purposes of the standard deduction, earned income also includes any amounts received as a scholarship that you must include in your gross income.