Per IRS Publication 505 Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, page 7:
Exemption From Withholding
If you claim exemption from withholding, your employer won’t withhold federal income tax from your wages. The exemption applies only to income tax, not to social security or Medicare tax.
You can claim exemption from withholding for 2022 only if both of the following situations apply.
Use Figure 1-A on page 8 of Publication 505 to help you determine whether you can claim exemption from withholding.
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