When you are self-employed, it typically means you work for yourself, as an independent contractor, or own your own business. Here are six key points the IRS would like you to know about self-employment and self-employment taxes:

  1. Self-employment income can include pay that you receive for part-time work you do out of your home. This could include income you earn in addition to your regular job.
  2. Self-employed individuals file a Schedule C, Profit or Loss from Business, or Schedule C-EZ, Net Profit from Business, with their Form 1040.
  3. If you are self-employed, you generally have to pay self-employment tax as well as income tax. Self-employment tax includes Social Security and Medicare taxes. You figure this tax using Schedule SE, Self-Employment Tax.
  4. If you are self-employed you may have to make estimated tax payments. People typically make estimated tax payments to pay taxes on income that is not subject to withholding. If you do not make estimated tax payments, you may have to pay a penalty when you file your income tax return. The underpayment of estimated tax penalty applies if you do not pay enough taxes during the year.
  5. When you file your tax return, you can deduct some business expenses for the costs you paid to run your trade or business. You can deduct most business expenses in full, but some costs must be 'capitalized.' This means you can deduct a portion of the expense each year over a period of years.
  6. You may deduct only the costs that are both ordinary and necessary. An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your industry. A necessary expense is one that is helpful and appropriate for your trade or business.

For more information, visit the Small Business and Self-Employed Tax Center on the IRS website. There are three IRS publications that will also help you. See Publications 334, Tax Guide for Small Business; 535, Business Expenses and 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. All tax forms and publications are available on IRS.gov or by calling 800-TAX-FORM (800-829-3676).

TaxACT provides all the guidance and tax forms you need to confidentially do your own taxes if you're self-employed. Free help is available every step of the way, and 100% accuracy and your maximum refund are guaranteed. TaxACT is risk-free to try – start your return now!

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Upcoming Tax Dates

June 1 Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during April.

June 1 Heavy highway vehicle use tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in April.

June 10 Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during May, report them to your employer - Details

June 10 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 15 days of May.

June 15 Individuals
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien living and working (or on military duty) outside the United States and Puerto Rico, file Form 1040 and pay any tax, interest, and penalties due. If you want additional time to file your return, file Form 4868 to obtain 4 additional months to file - Details

June 15 Individuals
Make a payment of your 2015 estimated tax if you are not paying your income tax for the year through withholding (or will not pay in enough tax that way). Use Form 1040-ES. This is the second installment - Details

June 15 Corporations
Deposit the second installment of estimated income tax for 2015 - Details

June 15 Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in May.

June 15 Nonpayroll withholding
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in May.

June 25 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the last 16 days of May.

June 29 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of June.

June 30 Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during May.

June 30 Heavy highway vehicle use tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in May.

June 30 Floor stocks tax for ozone depleting chemicals
(IRS No. 20). Deposit the tax for January 1, 2015.

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