Think back to your last income tax return. Did you owe Uncle Sam a lot of money, or did he give you a big refund? Whatever your situation, you can influence next year's outcome by adjusting your payroll withholding.
Remember the IRS Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate, your employer asked you to complete on your first day? "The number of personal allowances you designate on Form W-4 determines the amount of federal income tax withheld from each paycheck," explains TaxAct spokesperson Jessi Dolmage. "The total amount withheld for the year is credited against your income tax liability."
You can modify your withholding at any time of year by submitting a new Form W-4 to your employer. In order to minimize taxes owed at the time of filing, set your allowances to zero on your W-4. To increase take-home pay but potentially owe more money at tax time, increase your allowances.
Each of the following should be counted as one allowance:
If you have income from multiple jobs or your spouse works, withholding is usually the most accurate when counting all allowances on the W-4 for the highest paying job. Then claim zero allowances on W-4s for all other jobs.
Fortunately, there are free and easy solutions to help you calculate the appropriate withholding. The IRS offers Publication 505 and a withholding calculator at www.irs.gov.
TaxAct also offers a free withholding calculator. "After registering for TaxAct, click on the 'Next Year' tab to answer simple questions about your allowances," says Dolmage. "TaxAct will also complete a new Form W-4 that you can print and give to your employer."
Self-employed individuals should calculate net income and estimated taxes owed each quarter. Submit your quarterly estimated taxes along with Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals.
To adjust withholding for unemployment or social security payments, give Form W-4V to the payer. Submit Form W-4P to payers of pension, annuity and other deferred compensation.
In addition to reviewing your withholding when you get a new job, it's important to review your withholding whenever experiencing a major life change, such as:
If you live in an income-taxing state and want to adjust your state withholding, you'll need to complete the appropriate withholding form for your state.
November 2 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax.
File Form 941 for the third quarter of 2015. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules. If your tax liability is less than $2,500, you can pay it in full with a timely filed return. If you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full, you have until November 10 to file the return.
November 2 — Certain small employers
Deposit any undeposited tax if your tax liability is $2,500 or more for 2015 but less than $2,500 for the third quarter.
November 2 — Federal unemployment tax
Deposit the tax owed through September if more than $500.
November 2 — Form 720 taxes.
File Form 720 for the third quarter of 2015.
November 2 — Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during September.
November 2 — Heavy highway vehicle tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in September.
November 10 — Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during October, report them to your employer - Details
November 10 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax.
File Form 941 for the third quarter of 2015. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full.
November 11 — Everyone
Federal Holiday (Veterans Day) - Details
November 12 — Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 15 days of October.
November 13 — Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the last 16 days of October.
November 16 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in October. Nonpayroll withholding. If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in October.
November 25 — Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the last 16 days of October.
November 27 — Everyone
Federal Holiday (Thanksgiving Day) - Details
November 27 — Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of November.
November 30 — Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during October.
November 30 — Heavy highway vehicle use tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in October.