Uncle Sam encourages homeownership by American taxpayers – apparently with considerable success. For many, the deductions and other tax benefits that come with owning a home are a major deciding factor in buying a home.
The biggest homeowner tax break for most people is the mortgage interest deduction, taken on Schedule A, Form 1040. You can generally deduct the interest portion of your monthly mortgage payment with your other itemized deductions.
Mortgage interest is generally interest on any loan that is secured by your home or second home. If you took out a loan to buy or build a home, you refinanced a mortgage, or you took out a second mortgage or home equity line of credit, the loan is generally secured by your home.
There's not usually much doubt which home is your main home. That's generally the home where you receive your mail and spend most of your time. Your second home can be a house, condo, mobile home, motor home, or even a boat, as long as it has sleeping, cooking, and toilet facilities.
If you have more than one second home, you can only deduct mortgage interest that you incurred on one second home at any given time during the year.
If your acquisition mortgages on your main home and second home together are less than $1 million ($500,000 if you are married filing separately), your deduction is not limited.
However, if you took out your mortgage after October 13, 1987, and your total mortgages are over these limits, you can only deduct your interest expense on the balance of your loans up to the limit.
If you have a home equity loan on your home, you can only deduct the interest on up to $100,000 ($50,000 if married filing separately) of the balance, or the total of each of your home's fair market value reduced (but not below zero) by the amount of its home acquisition debt and grandfathered debt. This should be calculated as of the date the last debt was secured by each home.
You can deduct points when you purchase or refinance a home. Points are the amount you spend to bring down your interest rate on the loan. They are based on the amount you borrow – one point equals 1% of the amount of the loan.
When you buy or build your home, you can deduct the full amount of points you pay in the year you pay them. If you pay points when you refinance, you deduct the points over the life of the loan.
Real estate taxes are another major expense for homeowners – but they can also be another important tax deduction. If you pay your real estate taxes with your mortgage payment, you deduct the real estate taxes your escrow company actually pays on your behalf, not the amount you pay into the escrow account.
February 10 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
File Form 941 for the fourth quarter of 2017. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full.
February 10 — Certain small employers
File Form 944 to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax for 2017. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full.
February 10 — Farm employers
File Form 943 to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax for 2017. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full.
February 10 — Federal unemployment tax
File Form 940 for 2017. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full.
February 10 — Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during January, report them to your employer Details
February 15 — All businesses
Give annual information statements to recipients of certain payments you made during 2017 Details
February 15 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in January.
February 15 — All employers
Begin withholding income tax from the pay of any employee who claimed exemption from withholding in 2017, but did not give you Form W4 to continue the exemption this year.
February 15 — Individuals
If you claimed exemption from income tax withholding last year on the Form W-4, you must file a new Form W-04 by this date to continue your exemption for another year Details
February 19 — Everyone
Federal Holiday (Washington's Birthday) Details
February 28 — All businesses
File information returns (for example, Forms 1099) for certain payments you made during 2017.
February 28 — Payers of gambling winnings.
File Form 1096 along with Copy A of all the Forms W2G you issued for 2017. If you file Forms W2G electronically, your due date for filing them with the IRS will be extended to 03-31. The due date for giving the recipient these forms remains 01-31.
February 28 — All employers
File Form W3, Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements, along with Copy A of all the Forms W2 you issued for 2017. If you file Forms W2 electronically, your due date for filing them with the SSA will be extended to 03-31. The due date for giving the recipient these forms remains 01-31.
February 28 — Large food and beverage establishment employers
File Form 8027, Employer's Annual Information Return of Tip Income and Allocated Tips. Use Form 8027T, Transmittal of Employer's Annual Information Return of Tip Income and Allocated Tips, to summarize and transmit Forms 8027 if you have more than one establishment. If you file Forms 8027 electronically, your due date for filing them with the IRS will be extended to 03-31.