Adoption

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You may be able to get some or all of your adoption expenses back in the form of a tax credit, which may be worth up to $13,810 per child(in 2018).

Adoption fees are not the only expenses you can be reimbursed for with the adoption credit.If you travel to arrange for the adoption and pick up your child, you can deduct transportation expenses, meals, and lodging for the time you are away from home.You can also deduct court costs and attorney fees.

If your employer reimburses you for adoption expenses, you may not have to pay tax on the value of the reimbursement.Your employer can pay up to $13,810 of your adoption expenses as a tax-free benefit if you qualify for the exclusion.

If your employer reimburses you for some of your expenses, and you pay other expenses yourself, you may be able to claim both the credit and the exclusion for the same adoption (although not for the same expenses).

You generally take the adoption credit in the year the adoption becomes final.

However, for a U.S. adoption, if the adoption is not final, you can take the credit in the year following the year you have the expenses. For a foreign adoption, you must wait until the year the adoption is final to take the credit.

You can exclude employer-provided adoption benefits from your taxable income, except if you are adopting a foreign child. In that case, you cannot exclude the benefits until the year the adoption is final.

For 2018, the adoption credit is nonrefundable.

This means that it can only be applied to your income tax liability. If you don't owe income tax before the credit for 2018, you can carry any unused credit forward for up to five years.

Both the adoption credit and exclusion begin to be phased out when your adjusted gross income reaches $207,140, and are completely phased out when your adjusted gross income exceeds $247,140.

When you go through the step-by-step interview in TaxAct, the program asks about the child you are adopting, how much credit or excluded benefit you have claimed for this child in prior years, and other information necessary to complete Form 8839.


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Upcoming Tax Dates

January 1 — Everyone
Federal Holiday (New Year's Day) Details

January 10 — Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during December, report them to your employer Details

January 15 — Individuals
Make a payment of your estimated tax for 2018 if you did not pay your income tax for the year through withholding (or did not pay in enough tax that way). Use Form 1040-ES Details

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Give your employees their copies of Form W2 for 2018. If an employee agreed to receive Form W2 electronically, have it posted on a website and notify the employee of the posting.

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File Form 943 to report social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax for 2018. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules. If your tax liability is less than $2,500, you can pay it in full with a timely filed return. If you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full, you have until February 10 to file the return.

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File Form 940 for 2018. If your undeposited tax is $500 or less, you can either pay it with your return or deposit it. If it is more than $500, you must deposit it. However, if you deposited the tax for the year timely, properly, and in full, you have until February 10 to file the return.

January 31 — All businesses
Give annual information statements to recipients of certain payments you made during 2018 Details

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