Adoption

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You may be able to get some or all of your adoption expenses back in the form of a tax credit, which may be worth up to $13,460 per child(in 2016).

Adoption fees are not the only expenses you can be reimbursed for with the adoption credit.If you travel to arrange for the adoption and pick up your child, you can deduct transportation expenses, meals, and lodging for the time you are away from home.You can also deduct court costs and attorney fees.

If your employer reimburses you for adoption expenses, you may not have to pay tax on the value of the reimbursement.Your employer can pay up to $13,460 of your adoption expenses as a tax-free benefit if you qualify for the exclusion.

If your employer reimburses you for some of your expenses, and you pay other expenses yourself, you may be able to claim both the credit and the exclusion for the same adoption (although not for the same expenses).

You generally take the adoption credit in the year the adoption becomes final.

However, for a U.S. adoption, if the adoption is not final, you can take the credit in the year following the year you have the expenses. For a foreign adoption, you must wait until the year the adoption is final to take the credit.

You can exclude employer-provided adoption benefits from your taxable income, except if you are adopting a foreign child. In that case, you cannot exclude the benefits until the year the adoption is final.

For 2016, the adoption credit is nonrefundable.

This means that it can only be applied to your income tax liability. If you don't owe income tax before the credit for 2016, you can carry any unused credit forward for up to five years.

Both the adoption credit and exclusion begin to be phased out when your adjusted gross income reaches $201,920, and are completely phased out when your adjusted gross income exceeds $241,920.

When you go through the step-by-step interview in TaxAct, the program asks about the child you are adopting, how much credit or excluded benefit you have claimed for this child in prior years, and other information necessary to complete Form 8839.


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Upcoming Tax Dates

May 2 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
File Form 941 for the first quarter of 2017. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules. If your tax liability is less than $2,500, you can pay it in full with a timely filed return. If you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full, you have until May 10 to file the return.

May 2 — Federal unemployment tax.
Deposit the tax owed through March if more than $500.

May 2 — Form 720 taxes
File Form 720 for the first quarter of 2017.

May 2 — Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during March.

May 10 — Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during April, report them to your employer Details

May 10 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
File Form 941 for the first quarter of 2017. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full.

May 11 — Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method
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May 16 — Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in April.

May 16 — Nonpayroll withholding
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May 25 — Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method
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May 27 — Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of May.

May 31 — Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during April.

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