In today's economy, small business owners sometimes save money through bartering to get products or services they need. The IRS wants to remind small business owners that the fair market value of property or services received through barter is taxable income.

Bartering is the trading of one product or service for another. Usually there is no exchange of cash. However, the fair market value of the goods and services exchanged must be reported as income by both parties.

Here are four facts on bartering:

  1. Organized barter exchanges A barter exchange functions primarily as the organizer of a marketplace where members buy and sell products and services among themselves. Whether this activity operates out of a physical office or is internet-based, a barter exchange is generally required to issue Form 1099-B, Proceeds from Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions, annually to their clients or members and to the IRS.
  2. Barter income Barter dollars or trade dollars are identical to real dollars for tax reporting purposes. If you conduct any direct barter – barter for another's products or services – you must report the fair market value of the products or services you received on your tax return.
  3. Tax implications of bartering Income from bartering is taxable in the year it is performed. Bartering may result in liabilities for income tax, self-employment tax, employment tax or excise tax. Your barter activities may result in ordinary business income, capital gains or capital losses, or you may have a nondeductible personal loss.
  4. How to report The rules for reporting barter transactions may vary depending on which form of bartering takes place. Generally, you report this type of business income on Form 1040, Schedule C Profit or Loss from Business, or other business returns such as Form 1065 for Partnerships, Form 1120 for Corporations or Form 1120-S for Small Business Corporations.

For more information, see the Bartering Tax Center in the Business section at www.irs.gov.

TaxACT Free Federal and Deluxe Editions include Form 1040 and Schedule C. Start a TaxACT Online return here, or order download TaxACT software here.

TaxACT offers download software for 1065, 1120S and 1120 returns. Visit our Business software page for more information and to order.

Links:

Videos:

May 2015
S M T W T F S
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31

Upcoming Tax Dates

May 11 Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during April, report them to your employer - Details

May 11 Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
File Form 941 for the first quarter of 2015. This due date applies only if you deposited the tax for the quarter timely, properly, and in full.

May 12 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 15 days of April.

May 14 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the last 15 days of April.

May 15 Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in April.

May 15 Nonpayroll withholding
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in April.

May 28 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the last 15 days of April.

May 29 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of May.

View More Tax Dates