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WASHINGTON — Refunds totaling just over $917 million may be waiting for an estimated 984,400 taxpayers who did not file a federal income tax return for 2009, the Internal Revenue Service announced today. However, to collect the money, a return for 2009 must be filed with the IRS no later than Monday, April 15, 2013.

The IRS estimates that half the potential refunds for 2009 are more than $500.

Some people may not have filed because they had too little income to require filing a tax return even though they had taxes withheld from their wages or made quarterly estimated payments. In cases where a return was not filed, the law provides most taxpayers with a three-year window of opportunity for claiming a refund. If no return is filed to claim a refund within three years, the money becomes property of the U.S. Treasury.

For 2009 returns, the window closes on April 15, 2013. The law requires that the return be properly addressed, mailed and postmarked by that date. There is no penalty for filing a late return qualifying for a refund.

The IRS reminds taxpayers seeking a 2009 refund that their checks may be held if they have not filed tax returns for 2010 and 2011. In addition, the refund will be applied to any amounts still owed to the IRS or their state tax agency, and may be used to offset unpaid child support or past due federal debts such as student loans.

By failing to file a return, people stand to lose more than refund of taxes withheld or paid during 2009. In addition, many low-and-moderate income workers may not have claimed the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). For 2009, the credit is worth as much as $5,657. The EITC helps individuals and families whose incomes are below certain thresholds. The thresholds for 2009 were:

  • $43,279 ($48,279 if married filing jointly) for those with three or more qualifying children,
  • $40,295 ($45,295 if married filing jointly) for people with two qualifying children,
  • $35,463 ($40,463 if married filing jointly) for those with one qualifying child, and
  • $13,440 ($18,440 if married filing jointly) for people without qualifying children.

For more information, visit the EITC Home Page.

Current and prior year tax forms and instructions are available on the Forms and Publications page of IRS.gov or by calling toll-free 800-TAX-FORM (800-829-3676). Taxpayers who are missing Forms W-2, 1098, 1099 or 5498 for 2009, 2010 or 2011 should request copies from their employer, bank or other payer.

If these efforts are unsuccessful, taxpayers can get a free transcript showing information from these year-end documents by filing Form 4506-T, Request for Transcript of Tax Return, with the IRS or by calling 800-829-1040.

TaxACT makes it easy and fast to file previous year returns. Sign in to your existing TaxACT Online 2009 return, or create your 2009 return here.

Individuals Who Did Not File a 2009 Return with a Potential Refund

State or District Individuals Median Potential Refund Total Potential Refunds* ($000)
Alabama 16,000 $565 $13,317
Alaska 5,000 $658 $6,107
Arizona 24,800 $509 $20,742
Arkansas 8,600 $560 $7,289
California 100,700 $518 $92,590
Colorado 17,900 $556 $16,860
Connecticut 12,100 $638 $13,031
Delaware 4,000 $561 $3,405
District of Columbia 4,200 $595 $4,151
Florida 62,700 $577 $60,746
Georgia 31,300 $538 $27,409
Hawaii 7,200 $599 $7,448
Idaho 3,800 $511 $2,984
Illinois 39,500 $626 $39,613
Indiana 20,300 $592 $17,547
Iowa 9,800 $581 $7,893
Kansas 9,900 $509 $7,774
Kentucky 11,300 $578 $9,552
Louisiana 18,700 $592 $17,843
Maine 3,700 $505 $2,771
Maryland 23,100 $564 $22,780
Massachusetts 23,300 $572 $22,756
Michigan 30,000 $600 $28,019
Minnesota 13,600 $528 $11,480
Mississippi 8,700 $529 $7,144
Missouri 18,700 $500 $14,674
Montana 3,100 $511 $2,529
Nebraska 4,600 $543 $3,808
Nevada 12,600 $559 $11,058
New Hampshire 4,200 $615 $3,891
New Jersey 31,600 $642 $33,192
New Mexico 7,100 $567 $6,450
New York 62,700 $620 $65,277
North Carolina 26,200 $503 $21,337
North Dakota 1,900 $524 $1,682
Ohio 32,100 $561 $26,714
Oklahoma 15,200 $573 $13,442
Oregon 15,200 $516 $12,253
Pennsylvania 38,200 $619 $34,505
Rhode Island 3,300 $612 $3,148
South Carolina 10,800 $530 $9,347
South Dakota 2,100 $546 $1,728
Tennessee 16,400 $550 $14,513
Texas 86,000 $578 $86,136
Utah 6,500 $503 $5,397
Vermont 1,700 $551 $1,397
Virginia 28,800 $559 $28,027
Washington 27,200 $644 $29,807
West Virginia 4,100 $598 $3,894
Wisconsin 11,500 $505 $9,430
Wyoming 2,400 $657 $2,539
Totals 984,400 $569 $917,426

* Excluding the Earned Income Tax Credit and other credits.

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Upcoming Tax Dates

March 2All businesses
File information returns (for example, Forms 1099) for certain payments you made during 2014.

March 2Farmers & fishermen
File your 2014 income tax return (Form 1040) and pay any tax due - Details

March 2Payers of gambling winnings.
File Form 1096 along with Copy A of all the Forms W2G you issued for 2014. If you file Forms W2G electronically, your due date for filing them with the IRS will be extended to March 31. The due date for giving the recipient these forms remains February 2.

March 2 All employers
File Form W3, Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements, along with Copy A of all the Forms W2 you issued for 2014. If you file Forms W2 electronically, your due date for filing them with the SSA will be extended to March 31. The due date for giving the recipient these forms remains February 2.

March 2 Large food and beverage establishment employers
File Form 8027, Employer's Annual Information Return of Tip Income and Allocated Tips. Use Form 8027T, Transmittal of Employer's Annual Information Return of Tip Income and Allocated Tips, to summarize and transmit Forms 8027 if you have more than one establishment. If you file Forms 8027 electronically, your due date for filing them with the IRS will be extended to March 31.

March 2 Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during January.

March 2 Heavy highway vehicle use tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in January.

March 10 Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during February, report them to your employer - Details

March 11 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 15 days of February.

March 13 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the last 13 days of February.

March 16 Corporations
File a 2014 calendar year income tax return (Form 1120) and pay any tax due - Details

March 16 S Corporations
File a 2014 calendar year income tax return (Form 1120S) and pay any tax due - Details

March 16 S Corporation election
File Form 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, to elect to be treated as an S corporation beginning with calendar year 2015. If Form 2553 is filed late, S corporation treatment will begin with calendar year 2016.

March 16 Electing larger partnerships
Provide each partner with a copy of Schedule K1 (Form 1065B), Partner's Share of Income (Loss) From an Electing Large Partnership, or a substitute Schedule K1. This due date applies even if the partnership requests an extension of time to file the Form 1065B by filing Form 7004

March 16 Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule Page 6 Publication 509 (2015) applies, deposit the tax for payments in February.

March 16 Nonpayroll withholding
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in February.

March 25 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method.
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the last 14 days of February.

March 27 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of March.

March 31 Electronic filing of Forms W2
File copies of all the Forms W2 you issued for 2014. This due date applies only if you electronically file.

March 31 Electronic filing of Forms W2G
File copies of all the Forms W2G you issued for 2014. This due date applies only if you electronically file.

March 31 Electronic filing of Forms 8027
File Forms 8027 for 2014. This due date applies only if you electronically file.

March 31 Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during February.

March 31 Heavy highway vehicle use tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in February.

March 31 Electronic filing of Forms 1097, 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, and W2G.
File Forms 1097, 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, and W2G with the IRS. This due date applies only if you file electronically. Otherwise, see March 2. The due date for giving the recipient these forms generally remains February 2. View More Tax Dates