College and Students

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The American Opportunity Credit pays you back, in the form of a credit, for 100% of your first $2,000 of qualified education expenses for yourself, your spouse, or your dependents paid in 2014. It also pays you back 25% of the next $2,000 you spend on higher education, for a total credit of $2,500 per student, per year.

American Opportunity Credit

To claim the American Opportunity Credit, the student must be in the first four academic years of postsecondary education at an eligible school. It doesn't matter how many calendar years the student has been in school, as long as he or she is in still the freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior year. The student must also be enrolled at least half-time in a program leading to a recognized credential, such as a degree, and cannot have had a felony conviction for possessing or distributing a controlled substance. You can only take this credit for a student for four years.

You may qualify to take the American Opportunity Credit regardless of the amount of tax you owe. Up to $1,000 of this credit is refundable. For example, say you had no income tax withheld and you owe no taxes. You could still get up to $1,000 back for the American Opportunity Credit if you meet the requirements. TaxACT calculates the credit, including any refundable portion, for you.

If you don't qualify because, for example you are not working on a degree or other credential, or you don't meet the half-time requirement, you may be able to take the Lifetime Learning Credit. This credit gives you 20% back of up to $10,000 in qualified expenses.

Lifetime Learning Credit

The maximum Lifetime Learning Credit you can take is $2,000, regardless of how many students are on your return.

You cannot claim the American Opportunity Credit and the Lifetime Learning Credit for the same student, in the same year.

TaxACT calculates your American Opportunity Credit and the Lifetime Learning Credit on Form 8863, Education Credits.

Tuition and Fees Deduction

Another tax benefit for education is the Tuition and Fees deduction, which helps offset costs of qualified education expenses. You can reduce your taxable income by up to $4,000 in qualified education expenses, even if you don't itemize deductions. This deduction is an adjustment to income on the first page of your Form 1040. Because it reduces your adjusted gross income, it may also help you qualify for other tax breaks on your return that are based on that amount.

You cannot use the Married Filing Separately filing status and take the education credits or deduction. Your credit or deduction is reduced or eliminated at higher income levels.

The deduction does not include room and board and other expenses. In addition to tuition and fees, it only includes books, supplies, and equipment you are required to purchase.

You should receive Form 1098-T with information about your tuition expenses for the year in January or February from the school. TaxACT asks you if you paid tuition costs for yourself, your spouse, and your dependents and determines, based on your information, the education tax breaks for which you qualify.


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Upcoming Tax Dates

July 1 Occupational excise taxes
File Form 11C to register and pay the annual tax if you are in the business of accepting wagers.

July 4 Everyone
Federal Holiday (Independence Day) - Details

July 10 Employees who work for tips
If you received $20 or more in tips during June, report them to your employer - Details

July 10 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the first 15 days of June.

July 14 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the last 15 days of June.

July 15 Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in June.

July 15 Nonpayroll withholding
If the monthly deposit rule applies, deposit the tax for payments in June.

July 27 Communications and air transportation taxes under the alternative method
Deposit the tax included in amounts billed or tickets sold during the last 15 days of June.

July 29 Regular method taxes
Deposit the tax for the first 15 days of July.

July 31 Social security, Medicare, and withheld income tax
File Form 941 for the second quarter of 2015. Deposit or pay any undeposited tax under the accuracy of deposit rules.

July 31 Certain small employers
Deposit any undeposited tax if your tax liability is $2,500 or more for 2015 but less than $2,500 for the second quarter.

July 31 Federal unemployment tax
Deposit the tax owed through June if more than $500.

July 31 All employers
If you maintain an employee benefit plan, such as a pension, profitsharing, or stock bonus plan, file Form 5500 or 5500EZ for calendar year 2014. If you use a fiscal year as your plan year, file the form by the last day of the seventh month after the plan year ends.

July 31 Form 720 taxes
File Form 720 for the second quarter of 2015.

July 31 Wagering tax
File Form 730 and pay the tax on wagers accepted during June.

July 31 Heavy highway vehicle use tax
File Form 2290 and pay the tax for vehicles first used in June.

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