IRS Tax Tips
February 29, 2008 – TT-2008-43
Are You Eligible for a Tax Credit?
Taxpayers should consider claiming tax credits for which they might be eligible when completing their federal income tax returns. A tax credit is a dollar-for-dollar reduction of taxes owed. Some credits are refundable – taxes could be reduced to the point that a taxpayer would receive a refund rather than owing any taxes.
Taxpayers should consider their eligibility for the credits listed below:
- The Earned Income Tax Credit is a refundable credit for low-income working individuals and families. Income and family size determine the amount of the credit. For more information, see IRS Publication 596, Earned Income Credit.
- The Child and Dependent Care Credit is for expenses paid for the care of children under age 13, or for a disabled spouse or dependent, to enable the taxpayer to work or look for work. For more information, see IRS Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses.
- The Child Tax Credit is for people who have a qualifying child. The maximum amount of the credit is $1,000 for each qualifying child. This credit can be claimed in addition to the credit for child and dependent care expenses. For more information on the Child Tax Credit, see IRS Publication 972, Child Tax Credit.
- Adoption Credit Adoptive parents may qualify for a tax credit of up to $11,390 for qualifying expenses paid to adopt each eligible child. The credit may be allowed for the adoption of a child with special needs even if you do not have any qualifying expenses. For more information, see the instructions for Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses.
- Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled This credit is available to individuals who are either age 65 or older or are under age 65 and retired on permanent and total disability, and who are U.S. citizens or residents. There are income limitations. For more information, see IRS Publication 524, Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled.
- Savers Credit (formally called the Retirement Savings Contribution Credit) You may be able to take the credit of up to $1,000 (up to $2,000 if filing jointly) if you make eligible contributions to a qualified IRA, 401(k) and certain other retirement plans. For more information, see IRS Publication 590, Individual Retirement Accounts.
There are other credits available to eligible taxpayers. Since many qualifications and limitations apply to the various tax credits, taxpayers should carefully check the instructions for Form 1040, the listed publications, and additional information that is available on the IRS Web site at IRS.gov. IRS forms and publications are also available by calling 800-TAX-FORM (800-829-3676).
- 1040 Central
- Publication 596, Earned Income Credit (EIC) (PDF 281K)
- Publication 972, Child Tax Credit (PDF 128K)
- Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses (PDF 167K)
- Publication 524, Credit for the Elderly and Disabled (PDF 140K)
- Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education (PDF 368K)
- Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) (PDF 449K)
- Form 1040 Instructions (PDF 1,101K)