Ten Facts about the First-Time Homebuyer Credit
September 17, 2009 – Special Edition TT-2009-10
Many taxpayers who purchase a home this year will qualify for an $8,000 federal tax credit. The refundable first-time homebuyer credit is a major tax provision in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. But time is running out to qualify for this credit.
Here are ten things the IRS wants you to know about the first-time homebuyer credit:
- To be considered a first-time homebuyer, you - and your spouse if you are married - must not have jointly or separately owned another principal residence during the three years prior to the date of purchase.
- You cannot claim the credit before there is a completed sale and purchase of the residence. The sale and purchase are generally completed at the time of closing on the purchase.
- To qualify for the credit, the completed purchase must occur before December 1, 2009.
- The home must be located in the United States.
- The credit is either 10 percent of the purchase price of the home or $8,000, whichever is less.
- The amount of the credit begins to phase out for taxpayers whose modified adjusted gross income is more than $75,000 or $150,000 for joint filers.
- The credit is fully refundable. A homebuyer with no taxable income, who qualifies for the credit, may file for the sole purpose of claiming the credit and receiving a refund. The credit will be paid out to eligible taxpayers, even if they owe no tax or the credit is more than the tax owed.
- The credit is claimed on IRS Form 5405, First-Time Homebuyers Credit.
- Taxpayers can claim the credit for a qualified 2009 purchase on either their 2008 or 2009 tax return. For those who have filed a 2008 return, a Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return can be filed in order to get a refund in 2009. TaxACT 2008 users can file an amended return by using TaxACT2008 Deluxe. Sign in to your account to file your amended return.
- The credit for qualified 2009 purchases does not have to be repaid, as long as the home remains your main home for 36 months after the purchase date.
Qualified taxpayers who have been considering a main home purchase may find extra incentive from this tax credit to buy now so they can complete the purchase before the December 1 deadline.
- First-Time Homebuyer Credit
- YouTube Video - First-Time Homebuyer: English | Spanish | ASL
- Audio File for Podcast - First-Time Homebuyer Credit 2009: English | Spanish
- The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009: Information Center
- Form 5405, First-Time Homebuyer Credit (PDF)
- Form 1040X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return (PDF)